Is a dental specialty dedicated to the health of gums and the surrounding tissues.
The periodontium refers to the structures that support the teeth that being the periodontal ligament bone and gums. Healthy gums that surround the teeth allow the mouth to do is function. Completely healthy gums are characterized by being coral pink in color, covers completely the root of the tooth, and does not bleed with brushing.
Inflamed gums or painful gums can indicate the presence of gum disease such as gingivitis or periodontitis. Both are caused by the accumulation of bacterial plaque in the area where the gum meets the tooth.
Bacterial plaque is formed when bacteria accumulates due to a poor brushing technique. With time, bacteria and saliva form deposits or calculus. Bacterial plaque is the principal cause of the gum disease. Other factors include tobacco, genes, heart disease, arthritis, Diabetes, Stress, Certain medicines, Poor nutrition and obesity.